Herbert Mayo, Charles Mayo and Samuel Bethell - additional information

Mayo, Gwilt and Shaw families

Dr Mayo's family was from Herefordshire. The Gwilt family was also originally from the Welsh borders - Shropshire and Montgomeryshire: the name Gwilt (or Gwylt) is the Welsh version of Wilde (or Wylde). In due course they acquired property in Suffolk, including the manor of Icklingham, through the marriage of Daniel Gwilt to Miss Owen, an heiress. Their two sons died without issue, and he had four sons by his second wife: Edward (who died unmarried), William (who served with the Marquis of Cornwallis in India, and died there), Robert - who became Rector of Icklingham (succeeded on his death in 1820 by his son Daniel), and Charles. They also had links, through marriage, with the Bahamas. It was through John Gwilt that the Mayo family acquired an interest in Icklingham in 1774, and in Cheshunt Great Hall.

The Gwilts' significance lies in their architectural involvements around London.
George Gwilt 'the elder' (1746-1807) was an architect and surveyor for the county of Surrey. He was in practice as 'George Gwilt & Sons', with George Gwilt 'the younger' (1775-1856) and Joseph (1784-1863).  The two Georges (father and son) worked together on the West India Docks warehouses, from 1800-04. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says of the elder George:

Gwilt, George (1746–1807), architect, the younger son of Richard Gwilt, peruke maker, and his wife, Sarah, was born in St Saviour's parish, Southwark, on 9 June 1746. At Mr Crawford's school, Newington Butts, he gained mathematical skills and an acquaintance with classical languages. Apprenticed at the age of fourteen to Moses Waite, a local mason, in 1768 he joined a surveyor, George Silverside, and occasionally acted with one of the Jupps, acquiring a general knowledge of building and designing. From about 1770, acting as Surrey county surveyor (appointed formally in 1803), he built houses of correction at Hangman's Acre (1772) and Kingston (1775); and rebuilt the county bridewell, St George's Fields (1781), and bridges at Leatherhead and Godalming (1782–3). He also designed the county gaol, Horsemonger Lane (1791–8, demolished 1880–92), and the county sessions house, Newington Causeway (1798–9, demolished 1912). Quarter sessions added a gratuity of £50 in addition to his 5% commission for his efficient bridge-building in 1786. He resigned at Michaelmas, 1804, his integrity and ability over thirty-five years being praised by quarter sessions. Gwilt's main patron was Henry Thrale, the Southwark brewer and friend of Johnson (whose temper Gwilt objected to); he served Thrale with a Fidelity not very common (copy of letter from Hester Thrale, 2 Dec 1781). Elected under the Metropolitan Building Act as district surveyor for St George's, Southwark, in 1774, he soon resigned, disliking the manner of enforcing the act. From 1771 to 1801 he was surveyor to the commissioners of sewers in east Surrey. He was master of the Masons' Company in 1790. Pupils included his sons, and John Shaw (1790).
Gwilt's principal work was the formidable neo-classical range of nine North Quay warehouses for the West India Dock Company [right - reconstruction, Dockland Museuem], half a mile long, built rapidly in 1800–03, and linked by lower structures in 1804 (largely blitzed in 1940). Gwilt and his elder son, preferred to several leading architects, were appointed architects at 1000 guineas p.a., after an abortive competition in 1799. They devoted their full time to the project. The warehouses' internal structure was conventional timber-framing (cast iron was added in 1812), but the wide windows — which became characteristic of dock architecture — were the first to employ cast-iron security grilles, and copper was used for roofing the shallow-pitched upper slopes. Gwilt resigned from the project in 1804 after a quarrel between his son and an official.
Gwilt married Hannah Trested (d. 1821) at St George the Martyr, Southwark, on 6 September 1773. Of their four sons and two daughters, only George and Joseph survived him. Joseph described him as a person of irascible temper but … kind hearted, and an excellent father and husband. He was scrupulous in his religious duties, and his extremely evangelical notions (ibid.) appear to have led him into dissent for a time, but he returned to the Church of England. His health declining, in 1805 Gwilt resigned his remunerative business to his sons. He died of a dropsy on the chest on 9 December 1807 at his home, 18 Union Street, Southwark, one of a group of houses he had built. He was buried in St Saviour's Church, now Southwark Cathedral: his family monument is now on the exterior, on the south side.

Left is an 1856 photograph of George the younger. Two of his sons, George and Charles Edwin, were also architects, but died young. Right is Joseph (National Portrait Gallery), who also published widely, including an Encyclopædia of Architecture (1842); his thirteen travel diaries, covering France, Holland, Belgium, as well as England, from 1814-43 are of much interest. He defended Hawksmoor at a time when, as the Gentleman's Magazine of 1827 said, it has been a fashion among querulous critics to abuse the buildings of  [this] architect, for instance in his claim that St Mary Woolnoth, while is some respects a sad falling away from the mathematical skill of the architect's instructor [Wren], was a design evincing singular skill in adapting mass and detail to situation and aspect. His son Charles Perkins Gwilt was an antiquarian writer.
George and Joseph were part of Samuel Wesley's musical and social circle, and had an interest in Gregorian chant and the the revival of interest in the music of J.S. Bach.
John Shaw senior (1776-1832), whose relative Sarah Shaw had married John Gwilt, was a pupil with the firm. His major work was St Dunstan-in-the-West; he was also one of the first architects to draw plans for semi-detached houses. His son John Shaw junior was the architect of Christ Church Watney Street

Obituary of Herbert Mayo from The Gentleman’s Magazine (1802)

At Cheshunt, the Rev. Herbert Mayo, D.D., rector of the parish of St. George, Middlesex, and vicar of the parish of Tollesbury, Essex. He was born in the month of October, 1720; admitted of Brazenose college, Oxford, where he proceeded M.A. 1745, B.D. 1762, and D.D. 1763; and was presented to the rectory of St. George in 1764, by that Society, of which he was then fellow, and to the vicarage of Tollesbury in 1799, by Mr. Rush, the patron. The long and valuable life of this most worthy member of society has afforded abundant matter of instruction to the considerate part of mankind. Under the descriptions of a citizen, a Christian, and a clergyman, in all the domestic and social relations, his character was strictly irreproachable and highly meritorious. His rectitude, steadiness, and liberality of principle, his perfect command of temper and self-government, the firmness of his attachments, and placability of his resentments, the sincerity and openness of his manners, and, above all, the extensiveness, impartiality, and œconomy of his benevolence, are qualities which, it is hoped, have not vainly shed their lustre, though amidst a licentious and a fastidious age. But, not to diverge too far into general panegyrick, it is meant to enlarge upon this exemplary character, with regard to its most appropriate excellence, as it exhibits a singular specimen of the good effects resulting to society from a plain and vigorous understanding, actuated by right principles, and applied to practicable and beneficial objects. Unambitious of celebrity, and incapable of affectation, he made it his chief aim to be useful; and in that aim he most perfectly succeeded. Though possessed of a very competent share both of professional and general knowledge, he thought it no degradation to his mental powers to direct them principally to those less shining but most important offices of the clerical function which are too frequently confined to the care of deputies, or else performed in a spiritless, perfunctory manner. The curacies of two very extensive and populous parishes, St. Mary, Whitechapel, and Christ-church, Spitalfields, in which he was successively engaged for nearly 20 years, afforded him full scope for these exertions during the prime and vigour of life, and excellently qualified him for that preferment, which he accepted from his college, in preference to the rectory of Middleton-Cheney, in Northamptonshire, which, in many respects, appeared more eligible. With what propriety and ability he discharged his ministry in these three several parishes the surviving inhabitants can bear the most convincing testimony; among whom the decorous gravity of his appearance and deportment, the willingness and punctuality of his attendance upon every call of duty, the plain, but earnest and impressive manner in which he performed the sacred offices, are even yet the topicks of respect and admiration. One peculiar commendation should not here be omitted, as applying to him in each relation of rector and curate: that, as no substitute ever more faithfully consulted the interest of his employer, so never was beneficiary more kindly attentive to the ease, the comfort, and credit, of his assistants, on whom indeed he devolved no further employment than what was necessary to render himself more extensively serviceable. For, though the pastoral duties were the primary and constant objects of his usefulness, they by no means circumscribed the bounds of it. In earlier life, when college-offices occasionally required his attendance, he had proved his zeal for the welfare of the society to which he belonged, by a liberal enforcement of its discipline, and a judicious arrangement of the complicated, and at times confused, state of its accounts. With the same assiduity and goodness of intention he afterwards applied himself to every department of parochial business, with which, as rector, it was his province to interfere; and, to do this with the greater effect, he acted as a magistrate for the county. — The farther we trace this interesting character through life, the more clearly shall we perceive that its distinguishing trait was the desire to be useful. The various public charities with which he was connected received more benefit, from his vigilance over their management, and his attention to their finances, than from the aggregate sum of his long-continued contributions. The same inference may be drawn from the many and important trusts in which he was engaged; which were no less cheerfully undertaken by him than conscientiously and ably executed; and, with regard to acts of private friendship and benevolence, it may be confidently said, that there a few, among his numerous acquaintances, but have experienced that, to employ Dr. M. in their service, was to oblige him. Hence it has happened that, while his well-known and acknowledged merits failed to procure the smallest professional remuneration for himself, never, perhaps, was individual, in his station, more signally instrumental in obtaining provision for the destitute and the deserving. Let not a life like this be hastily depreciated as a dull round of drudgery and confinement; it was, on the contrary, a life of perpetual amusement, of perpetual gratification. That rule of prudence, 'to make a pleasure of business', which is, in most men, the slow result of habit and self-denial, appeared in him rather a natural principle of action. Hence arose that alacrity which he displayed in conducting public business, and that even flow of cheerfulness and good humour which prevailed in his colloquial intercourse. After a constant residence upon his living, and an unremitting application to the duties of it, the increasing infirmities of old age warned him, at length, to retire from busy life; and, though he felt no small reticence in quitting the scene of his activity, and contracting the circle of his beneficence, yet this was soon absorbed in the delicious expectation of serenely wearing out the short remainder of his days in 'the gay conscience of a life well spent', under the triumphant hopes of that religion which he had enlavated and adorned, and amidst the attentions of an amiable family, who strove, with pious emulation, to express their sense of that debt of gratitude and duty which his uniform affection and indulgence had rendered it impossible for them adequately to discharge. Thus gradually prepared for the momentous change, surrounded with every object of consolation, undisturbed by agony of mind or body, and expiring, without a groan, in the arms of those whom he best loved, the 'good and faithful servant' was summoned to 'enter into the joy of his Lord'. — He married the daughter of Wm. Paggen, esq. of Eltham, merchant of London, by whom he has left two sons, Paggen-William, M.D. of St John’s college, Oxford, physician at Doncaster, and Charles, of the same college, M.A. and late Saxon professor; and two daughters. The Doctor’s brother, William, died, advanced in years, at Wooton-Rivers, Wilts, to which rectory he had been presented by Brazenose College.

from The Orthodox Churchman's Magazine (1802)

ТHE REVEREND DOCTOR MAYO - in Memoriâ æternâ erit Justus

The venerable Herbert Mayo, D.D., rector of St. George's, Middlesex, died on the 5th instant, aged 82 years. Will you permit one who loved him while living, to embalm his memory in your pages, now that he is dead.

Dr. Mayo was a native of Hereford, and was educated at Brazen-nose Coll. Oxford, which presented him to the living of St. George's. Dr. Mayo was a divine of that class, which, though it enjoy not all the splendid celebrity that adorns some others; perhaps excels all in real utility; — that is to say, he was a good parish priest. He was a man of great experience in that particular branch of his profession; having been for some time curate of Bow le Stratford, then ten years curate of Whitechapel, then ten years curate of Spitalfields; before he entered upon the living of St. George in the East, where I think he resided thirty-eight years. There is no church in London where divine service is performed with more rubrical correctness than in St. George's. The assiduity of a pastor, attentive to all the minutiæ of propriety in the use of the Liturgy, produced a correspondent regularity in his congregation. Everything at St. George's is done euvschmenwj kai kata taxin ['decently and in order': 1 Cor 14.40] — Dr. Mayo had a peculiar, but by no means an unimpressive, mode of preaching, in his earlier years; but his labours were not confined to the pulpit merely. He was the instructor of the young, in the catechetical way; the reclaimer of the dissolute; the grave rebuker of the blasphemer; the admonisher of those who had reached the gradation of unthinking levity, in the scale of offence, and were tottering on the brink of vice. He was the comforter of the sick, and cherisher of those who languished under the depressions of poverty. He administered the aids of religion to those who were passing from time to eternity; and often, by the side of the grave, exerted a vigour beyond the routine of duty, whilst he taught those who attended on the interment of their friends to prepare for their latter end. He was particularly kind to the negroes and uninstructed men of colour; who, employed generally on board of ship, occasionally resided in his parish, which is full of sea-faring people. I suppose no clergyman in England ever baptized so many black men and Mulattoes; nor did he at any time baptize them without much previous preparation; that the inward and spiritual grace might accompany the outward and visible form of baptism. The attachment of these poor people to him was very great. Several of them never came into the port of London, without waiting upon him, by way of testifying the respect in which they held him.

Dr. Mayo was a magistrate for the county of Middlesex, and performed the functions of that office, in his parochial relations, with great attention. The zealous care with which he watched over the charity-schools in his parish, was very becoming. One of them is a shool of high character, — RAINE'S HOSPITAL I mean; into which young girls are transplanted out of the ordinary parochial school, and are taught all sorts of useful household work; and then, after having lived five years in service, and bringing testimonials of their good behaviour, they are intitled to draw lots for a marriage portion of one hundred pounds; and are married to some industrious mechanic, a member of the Church of England. Dr. Mayo was treasurer of this excellent foundation. I saw him, last May-day, in the presence of a numerous assemblage of the trustees and others, among whom were both the members of parliament for the county of Middlesex, deliver a purse, containing one hundred pounds, to one of the young women who had been married by him that morning; whilst another stood by, who had just drawn a prize of a similar portion. The good old man gave the new married pair a suitable charge, in a most affectionate way. His infirmities, it is true, impeded his speech not a little; he seemed to feel it was the last he should make on such an occasion; but I assure you, Gentlemen, there was an eloquence in his very pauses, and something so touching in the tears which trickled down his cheeks, that they must have had hearts of stone who could hear them unmoved.

I hope I shall not hurt the feelings of his family, (a wife, two sons, both married, and two daughters) who survive him, when I say, that never man was happier in all his domestic relations. His children were all provided for in his life-time. He was a faithful steward for them. His ambition was to educate them at his own cost, without breaking in upon what was to come to them. His eldest son is a most respectable physician, settled at Doncaster; and was, before he quitted London, physician to the Middlesex Hospital. His younger son is well known to the learned world, Mr. Charles Mayo, the late professor of the Anglo-Saxon tongue, in the university of Oxford; the first-appointed professsor upon Dr. Rawlinson's foundation. Both these gentlemen were fellows of St. John's College, Oxford.

Dr. Mayo was a man of true frugality. But as his frugality never sunk into parsimony, so it was in some measure subservient to his generosity. He has walked, leaning upon my arm, with no small personal inconvenience to himself, through the streets of London, to save the expence of a hackney-coach; but then I have seen him give to the son, the orphan son of a clergyman, before he reached home, the half-crown which he saved. No man better understood the economy of charity. There are few public charities to which he was not a contributor, from Christ's Hospital downward. His known probity procured him the office of executor to many. Many have acknowledged the services he has done them in quality of trustee and guardian. The management of the property which he held in trust for others, often called him to the Bank of England. He has been thought to be busied there on his own account; but whenever this has been objectingly hinted to him, he has only answered with a smile.

A smile he had, of peculiar benignity. He was a man of great good humour; and often indulged in a species of chastened pleasantry; — but his delight was in that sort of wit which distinguished some great men at the beginning of the last age — Punning. Dr. South himself was not fonder of a pun than Dr. Mayo.

He was blessed with a long series of uninterrupted health. Rainy days, or inclement seasons, never stopped him in the career of duty. He was а parish priest of the old school; of the school which bred John Waring, curate of Spitalfields and Bishopsgate, and, last clerk in orders at St. James's, Piccadilly; Mr. Hallinge, the curate of Aldgate, late secretary to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; Dr. Markham, late гесtог of Whitechapel; Mr. Southgate, the curate of St. Giles's, and Mr. Richards, the curate of St. Sepulchre's.

Dr. Mayo was in politics a tory. His religious principles were truly orthodox. One of the newspapers said something about "his liberality towards Dissenters of all denominations".  This is a sort of fashionable phrase. Liberal and kind was he to all; but he had none of that mawkish liberality which is mere latitudinariansim or indifference. The proper Presbyterian, who differs from our church only in matters of discipline, he knew how to value justly. The members of the Kirk of Scotland he regarded as person living under an outward establishment of religion, recognized by the constitution of the country. But as for the herd of ordinary Dissenters, whose principles are no where set forth authoritatively, and who can give no rational reason of the hope that is in them, no clear account of the faith which they profess; whilst he pitied them sincerely, no man less approved of their disunited condition, and disuniting tenets, than Dr. Mayo. He had no good opinion of those "who turn religion into rebellion," (to use the language of our Liturgy) and faith into faction.

Thus much I have thought it but right to say, and thus much I have said with truth, respecting so excellent and exemplary a clergyman as the late worthy rector of St. George's, Middlesex. I am, Gentlemen,

Your most obedient servant,  A LONDON CURATE.

Jan. 11, 1802.

Charles Mayo

In 1824 Herbert Mayo's son Charles succeeded (via his grandmother Rebecca, daughter of Sir John Shaw and his second wife, in whose family it had been for over a century) to the estate of Cheshunt Great House [right], of which he had been lessee for some years. The house had been one of the residences of Cardinal Wolsey. Below are two descriptions of activities during his time there. He was also an active freemason. The house remained in the family after his death, without issue, in 1858, passing to his nephew the Rev. Herbert Harman Mayo and then to his son the Rev. Charles Edward Mayo in 1900, who ministered at Port Elizabeth in South Africa. The house had an organ of c1700, later in Waltham Abbey, reputed to be by Bernard Smith but maybe by Dallam. All the pipework was wooden, mainly oak, including the display pipes, set in a cabinet with front shutters 6' x 3' x 2'.

The Labourer's Friend: Society for improving the Condition of the Labouring Classes
CHESHUNT: A Cottagers' Garden Association was established in the year 1831, at Cheshunt, the Committee of which report, that two fields have been rented one of eight acres at the North end of Cheshunt-street (the property of the Rev. C. Mayo) at a rent of £20, and another of 5a. 2r. 33p. at Goff's Oak (the property of J.H. Saunders, Esq.) at a rent of £7 10s. The land has been, with only four exceptions out of forty nine occupiers, well cultivated, the rents have been cheerfully paid, and the tenants extremely grateful for the benefit they have received. Many labourers who, in the first instance, ridiculed their companions for renting the allotments, are now convinced of their error, and are very desirous of becoming tenants. The produce upon each quarter of an acre (with the four exceptions before mentioned) has been, upon an average, two tons of potatoes, besides an abundant supply of other vegetables during the summer.

from The London Tee-total Magazine, & General Miscellany (1840)

Interesting Meeting at Cheshunt, Herts.
This young auxiliary to the New British and Foreign Temperance Society, celebrated their first annual festival on he 29th of September, 1840, in the Ancestral Hall of the Great House, formerly the residence of Cardinal Wolsey, kindly lent to them for the occasion by the Rev. Charles Mayo, Lord of the Manor. Upwards of one hundred persons with happy hearts and smiting faces, sat down, some around the old oak table, formerly the property of Oliver Cromwell, and did the wonted honours to the good tea and plum cake; after which Sir C.E. Smith, Bart. took the chair, when the audience were addressed by the Rev. W.R. Baker, Parry, Cox, Terry, and several reclaimed drunkards until ten o'clock. The happy meeting was altogether one of the most imposing sights we ever have had the pleasure to witness. The Great Hall, with the paintings hung round, men in armour, and ancient banners, presented the pageantry of times long since no more, and was most impressively alluded to by Sir C.E. Smith, in his opening address.The Rev. C. Mayo, permitted it to be stated by the Rev. W.R. Baker, that the Great Hall should be ever at the service of the Cheshunt tee-totalers as long as he was in possession of the same. The glorious cause appears to be now making rapid strides in the village of Cheshunt. One of the reclaimed, who kept a beer shop, has pulled down his former sign, and turning it upside down, has replaced it, bearing this motto The change of Fortune, and now provides his customers with temperate refreshments only. At this meeting, twelve signatures were obtained. Two of the students at Cheshunt College (the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion training college) signed.

Obituary from The Gentleman’s Magazine (1859, vol.206)

Rev. Chas. Mayo B.D., F.R.S., F.S.A.
The Rev. Chas. Mayo was the youngest son of the late Rev. Herbert Mayo. D.D., Rector of St. George's-in-the-East, Middlesex. who was much respected as being an active and diligent incumbent of that important and populous parish. He was born 24th of March, 1767 and died 10th of December, 1858, and had therefore attained the advanced age of 91. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, and having acquitted himself there with great credit, was appointed a probationary Scholar, and eventually a Fellow, on that noble foundation at St. John's College Oxford. Here he applied himself with becoming zeal to his academical studies, and evinced considerable talent in the acquisition of the knowledge of the Anglo-Saxon language, and was the first who held that professorship in the University. In I801 he married the youngest daughter of Jas. Landon Esq., of Cheshunt, a lady much beloved for her amiable and accomplished mind, with whom he had the happiness to be united for the lengthened period of upwards of fifty years. He was appointed one of the Whitehall Preachers, and he was, unsolicited, made a Fellow of the Royal Society, and subsequently was elected a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He was for upward of thirty years Morning Preacher at Highgate Chapel; and on the conclusion of his ministry there, when the new church was built, he contributed the stained glass which now adorns the beautiful altar window in that church. He was for many years examiner of Merchant Taylors' School. In 1825 be succeeded to an old family estate at Cheshunt, Herts., which be became entitled to as descendant from the Shaw family, and which had been held under the crown by Cardinal Wolsey as one of his princely residences, the Hall, still existing, having been built in the same style as Wolsey's palace of Hampton Court. But he always observed that his hghest distinction was his connexion with Merchant Taylors' School, and the position which he thereby acquired at Oxford, which so amply provided for his maintenance at College, and which would have rendered him independent of any other provision in after life if he had continued a member of the foundation. His amiable and benevolent manners obtained for him the esteem and regard of his numerous friends, by whom he was considered a Christian gentleman; and his generosity and liberality to the poor will cause the remembrance of him to long affectionately cherished in the neighbourhood in which he has so long resided. And in his declining days, when the closing scene of life approached, he waa enabled to exercise a renewed faith in that Divine Redeemer in whom he confided as 'the Saviour of poor sinners'.

Samuel Bethell

Obituary from The Gentleman’s Magazine (1803)

At his parsonage-house, at Clayton, Sussex, aged 47, the Rev. Samuel Bethell, M.A.
"He was a native of Hereford, his father being vicar of St Peter's in that city. His mother, who survives him, is a sister of the late Rev. Herbert Mayo, D.D. rector of St. George's, Middlesex; a character to whom it was honourable to be allied. Mr. B. was educated at Hereford School, under the late very  respectable Gibbons Bagnall, canon residentiary of that cathedral. In Lent term 1774, he entered a commoner at Brazen-nose College, Oxford; and was successively elected scholar and (1781) fellow of that society. After taking the degree of B.A. he became tutor in the family of Sir Thomas Broughton, Bart. by whom he was highly esteemed. Sir Thomas procured for him a presentation to the living of Wiburnbury, of which the Bishop of Lichfield is patron, that he might have the satisfaction to call him neighbour; but, as this preferment would have vacated his fellowship, he declined it. In 1782, he became curate to his relation Mr. Pritchard, then rector of Christ-church, Spital-fields; and, after his death, to Mr. Foley, the present worthy rector, and most accomplished gentleman, Here he continued for about six years, fulfilling, with great attention (though often in a bad state of health), the duties of that populous parish. He was also lecturer of the parish of St. George, Middlesex. In 1793, he was presented to the rectory of Clayton cum Keymer, Sussex, a college living; and in 1794 went into residence. He laid out a great deal of money upon his parsonage-house; and, having brought his venerable mother and most excellent sister (he was a bachelor) from Hereford to live with him, had a prospect of many years of comfort. But he was cut off in the vigour of his days! He had been attacked by the influenza, but had nearly recovered. On Thursday, March 24, he retired to bed, saying he did not doubt but be should be quite well on the morrow. “In the midst of life we are in death.” That morrow brought paralysis with it. He lost the use of his left side, and was for some time in a state of stupor. His medical friends relieved his most distressing symptoms considerably; but he continued very languid, though free from pain, till Monday morning, April 4, when he had another stroke; the effects of which superinduced death after twelve hours. Mr. B. was blessed with a good understanding; and his mind was replenished with good reading. He had a ready wit, and was very dexterous in the management of colloquial argumentation. Few men sooner saw the weak side of a proposition, attacked it more formidably, or more quickly reduced its maintainer to surrender or capitulate. He particularly excelled in the Reductio ad absurdum. His humour was often irresistible; and, where he could not secure victory, he at least had the laugh on his side. A more pleasant companion hardly ever lived. But Mr. B. was a man of principle; and, in the midst of raillery, would sometimes burst out with impressive assertions of the deepest truths of Religion and Morality. He would read the New Testament with great attention, and would now and then explain some of its more difficult passages with great critical acumen. He was a consummate master of the rules of composition; indeed he were not too fastidious. Many of his his friends, availing themselves of the soundness of his judgement and the propriety of his taste, submitted their writings to his consideration; and were sure to receive them back in an improved state. He never gave any work to the world, though few people were better able to instruct it in several departments of science. The writer of this article, in a latter which, arriving after his first paralytic stroke, he never read, ventured to expostulate with him on this very ground: “When all the world, Bethell, is in combustion about you, will you not empty one ink-pot on the times? “ He was universally beloved. Wherever he lived for any length of time, he attracted a knot of friends around him, who were uncommonly attached to him., He was one of those men who are like links in society, and bind individuals together. Never was the death of any one more sincerely lamented buy all who knew him.”  E.R.

- Another correspondent adds,
“Mr Bethell was eminently distinguished by precision of intellect and accuracy of information, particularly in scriptural and classical knowledge. His principles, religious and moral, were perfectly pure. He was a sincere and zealous admirer of and defender of the Church of England; but was free from that illiberal and acrimonious spirit, with which zeal is too often accompanied. He was warmly attached to the constitution of his country; and, as he was naturally inclined rather to obey the dictates of sober reason and experience, than to indulge in the visions of Enthusiasm, he looked with a jealous eye on all innovation, however specious the pretexts might be by which it was attempted to be justified. His eminent good sense rendered his opinion on all important subjects of the greatest value to his friends; for, if it did not always completely gratify the ardour of the sanguine, it frequently prevented or moderated the ill effects which that habit of mind has a natural tendency to produce. His humour, which was often enriched with wit, was of a peculiar and energetic kind. This quality, so dangerous to most men, was in him perfectly harmless. So pure and ample was his fund of genuine hilarity, that, unlike many eminent characters, even in his own profession, who have been endowed with that perilous talent, he both feared and disdained to excite in his hearers an admiration of his boldness, to supply a deficiency of wit. He performed all the duties of his sacred office with that earnest but unaffected simplicity, which so advantageously distinguishes rational piety from puritanical ostentation. The paralytic affliction which proved fatal to him, though it partially obscured his intellectual powers, yet did not entirely deprive him of any faculty. Though free from pain, for which mercy he was most thankful, he necessarily felt much uneasiness. It did not appear that he had any apprehension of immediate danger; but retained without diminution the same serenity of temper and extreme sensibility to the feelings of others, which characterised his life. His memory will ever be cherished with affection and gratitude by his parishioners. Their loss, though great, may be repaired by the virtues of his successor. In the hearts of his friends he has left a void, which can never be filled up on this side the grave."

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